Sick Fat and How it is Affecting You

Adiposopathy also known as “sick fat” is defined as the dysfunction of fat cells partially responsible for harmful metabolic conditions and related to obesity[1]. Basically, when fat cells become bloated during positive caloric balance, they run the risk of negatively effecting how your body functions. Adiposopathy contributes to adverse endocrine and immune responses that may promote cardiovascular disease¹.

AdiposopathyThe lack of definitive, defining pathology makes identification of adiposopathy difficult at best. People as late as the 1980’s were still apprehensive about accepting that adipocytes were more than just fat storing cells[2]. Increased amounts of body fat were not considered to contribute to metabolic disease2. It wasn’t until it was accepted that fat tissue is an active hormone and immune organ, that people saw the dangers of excess fat tissue. People often see excess visceral fat as a cosmetic issue, one that effects your ego more than your health. What they don’t realize is that excess build up of fat will cause cells to swell. This contributes to insulin resistance, high blood pressure, and dyslipidemia2. All of these conditions are directly related to metabolic disease.

If after hearing this you are doing some self-analysis and thinking,  “Oh no! What can I do to reverse the effects?!”  Fear not, there are steps you can take to repair not only your self-esteem, but your health as well. Integrating a healthy diet and daily exercise into your routine can make all the difference in the long run. It is important when doing this that you shed the fat in a healthy way. It is all-to-easy to lose weight and then realize what you have been losing is mostly water weight and muscle mass. Not only is this counter-productive, it also does not improve your health.

So how do you make sure you’re losing fat and not muscle? Start by keeping track of your healthy weight loss and body composition using seca mBCA 514 or seca mBCA 525. Look beyond a scale and obtain an in-depth look at what makes up your body and allows you to see how much fat you are shedding as well as the amount of water and muscle you have in relation to everything else. Quantify your visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in absolute values expressed in liters.  These measures make it easy to understand what you have to do to regain your health. A balanced diet, routine exercise, and monitoring your body’s composition are the best tools to defend yourself from the dangers presented by “sick fat.”

[1] Litwin, Sheldon E. “Good Fat, Bad Fat: The Increasingly Complex Interplay of Adipose Tissue and the Cardiovascular System.” Journal of the American College of Cardiology 62.2 (2013): 136-37. Web.

[2] Bays, H. Curr Atheroscler Rep (2014) 16: 409. doi:10.1007/s11883-014-0409-1

 

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